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Restaurant health and safety

Restaurant health and safetyA couple of weeks back I had brunch with a friend whom I have only known for a short time, and in that short time have had a couple of great conversations with her. She works in the public health field and on occasion is responsible for doing restaurant inspections.

While we sat down for brunch I had some questions that I wanted to ask about the inspections she does in restaurants, and while we were eating I managed to squeeze in a few. Being the wonderful person she is, told me if I had any other questions I could just ask.

After brunch I went home and wrote down 12 questions I wanted to ask, I had some already written down but after brunch I had some new questions in mind. After choosing 8 of the questions I emailed them. I asked that the answers be focused more towards front of house staff and not the back of house. When people think of health and safety inspections they first think about the kitchen, while it is a part of it, other areas of the restaurant are also just as important.

So here is a list of the questions I asked and the answers:

Question 1.  What’s the first thing you look at/for when you enter an establishment?

The first thing I look at when I go in is general cleanliness, so floors clean, tables clean, everything in order. That is front of house. Once I go into the kitchen the first thing is also cleanliness but more on the food side, so is food everywhere or is the kitchen organized properly so it flows well. Depending on the responsibilities of the wait staff they are also who I look at. For example in some places they are required to prepare salads, or desserts. Hand hygiene is critical in this instance because they handle money, plates that can have leftover food on them.

Washing hands is one thing but there is also using the proper utensils to prepare salads or desserts. Minimal touching of the food with your hands before it goes on to the plates is very important because this is the last place for possible contamination before it is given to the customer. This is especially important when dealing with raw ready to eat items like salads because they have never been cooked to kill any bacteria that may be left on them.

Question 2: What are some common problems with front of house standards?

Common problems, people not washing their hands after smoke breaks, before and handling any types of food, before and after handling money, after coughing or sneezing. Basically hands need to be washed every time different tasks are started. The potential to contaminate food is something that servers do not take into consideration. If you think about it they are the last ones to touch the food/plate before the customer gets it.

Other problems include leaving milk/cream out on tables at room temperature for too long (more than 2 hours). Also refilling ketchup and other condiments in old dirty containers. Need to use new clean containers, also customers often see this so it is gross to them. Anytime customers can see you doing your duties be aware. For example, handling money and then cutting a piece of pie or whatever.

Using dirty cloths to clean the counter tops, this happens way to frequently. Cloths need to be stored in bleach water (200ppm) at all times. The concentration needs to be tested with required sanitizer test strips to make sure concentration is accurate. If below 200ppm or water is visibly dirty then water must be changed.

Question 3: What do you expect most from the staff on site?

Frequent hand washing, proper sanitize techniques when cleaning counter tops and also in the dishwashing area, dishes must be sanitized properly as the last step. No towel drying because towels are usually dirty.

Question 4: What’s the worst excuse you have received about an infringement?

Worst excuse, “I don’t have time”, “It’s not my responsibility”, dishwasher not working…”we don’t have bleach”. Basically not taking responsibility for actions in restaurant. I can tell if the floor is dirty because its lunch time and its busy or if its dirty because they haven’t cleaned it for weeks. Front of house, look under tables to see where dirt has accumulated. Also on chairs too. Those are things I remember from when I was a server. You can tell if they don’t move the tables when they vacuum.

Question 5: What’s the best excuse you have received about an infringement?

Not sure about this, I think best and worse go hand in hand. I can’t think of a good excuse right now.

Question 6: Number one reoccurring problem?

Reoccurring problems: no hand washing between tasks, no sanitizer in cloth water, food left on counter to “cool” happens all the time. People do not understand that the sooner it goes in the fridge the sooner it will cool down, decreasing risk of bacteria growth.

Question 7: What’s the most important thing in your opinion when it comes to restaurant cleanliness and safety?

7 and 8 kinda go together and it is mostly what I have already said. It’s about hand washing, proper disinfection. Another thing I haven’t mentioned is if people are sick don’t go to work, you are increasing the risk of spreading your illness if you do so. Not only colds but diarrhea, or any other symptoms because people don’t realize that the chances of making others sick is very high. So if you are sick do not go to work.

Question number 8 was “What would your number one piece of advice be when it comes to your job?”

A big thanks to my friend for answering these questions for me. I must admit that when I first started serving I never realized how often I should have washed my hands, and as you can see in the answers above its something that is stated repeatedly, so it’s important. It doesn’t take long to get into a habit of washing your hands often, it quickly becomes second nature. It’s both important for you and your guests health.

Thanks for reading, you have a good day.

Nathan

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One Comment to “Restaurant health and safety”

  1. I have been a server most of my younger life, now I’m older I volunteer and been working in this certain restaurant since 02/2016 , a new manager starts who may be 30 and takes me aside and says I have to wash hands everytime I clear a plate from the table! Ok I know when to wash hands as described above but ” never” heard of this being a law?? I’m the only one working during a lunch hour and find it quite difficult to wash hands everytime I remove a plate, cup ect. From a customer table! I’ve always removed or the customers plates after their finished & leave only their drinking cup or glass besides their water glass? as customers visit while lunching and don’t like their used dishes sitting there! actually find it quite impossible to remove and wash hands after every setting I would remove especially being the only waitress and taking orders? I would like to know if this is a Michigan law? it makes sense on the above , also this establishment is for people who come in for free help and are retirement age and are picky so if you don’t remove their used plates they would complain? I guess after all these years of being in this line of work & volunteering I’m alittle confused about this being a law? their water they keep their clothes in to wipe tables are filthy and cold with no sanitizer which I’m used to bleach, I won’t use, I get the one I’m going to use and rinse out in hot water as you would be spreading dirt around ?? But for wait staff to wash hands after removing any setting from table everytime seems very unlikely as busy as you get! Please help with this answer, if you want to be a good server? or volunteer? Thank You & Happy Holidays

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